Herbs are a natural path to health and longevity. You can grow in your garden is a great natural seasoning to the dishes. Below we will tell you about the most popular and useful spicy herbs. Spicy plants are an excellent source of vitamins and minerals. You just need to know when to sow and collect them, and what are the benefits of different herbs. Some give a seductive aroma, while others attract healing properties.
Sweet basil is one of the most popular kitchen herbs around the world.
It is famous for its aniseed flavor and intense clove aroma. Whether you use it dried or fresh, basil is great for improving the taste of food or for creating an invigorating atmosphere in any corner of your garden.
Basil also offers several medicinal uses, including as a deodorant, anti-arthritis, topical antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and insect repellent.
Basil is a source of vitamins A, K, and C, as well as magnesium, iron, potassium and calcium and other trace elements.
Store the basil indoors in early spring, and then transplant it to the open air at least two weeks after the danger of frost has passed.
How to grow…
Basil does not withstand cold and frost, it can only be grown in the open air in the summer, and therefore it must be moved indoors in the winter months.
Basil prefers fertile soil and well-lit areas.
Greenhouses, like kitchen window sills, are perfect for helping basil to feel great for a long time.
A large number of basil varieties available for cultivation allows you to experiment with some of them in the coming summer and enjoy the different flavors of your home-made dishes-salads and Italian pasta.
PEPERMINT – Méntha piperíta
Peppermint is an excellent repeller of many types of pests, including rodents, ants, and spiders. Plant this grass around your home and garden to keep them away from your home.
As a herbal remedy, mint tea can help soothe headaches, freshen your breath, relax you after a hard day, and relieve stress.
Natural peppermint oils improve digestion and help relieve menstrual cramps.
Peppermint is a useful addition to drinks and desserts. Add a sprig of peppermint leaves to berries and other fruits, coffee, or hot cocoa.
Grow your own mint from seed by sowing it indoors and then replanting it outside at any time up to 2 weeks before the first frost.
Peppermint seeds can also be directly sown outdoors and should not be covered with soil. Most mint seeds actually germinate better without soil cover, as they require a lot of light to awaken them from their dormant state.
How to grow…
Its only requirements being moist, fertile soil, and plenty of suns, mint can be grown in almost any situation and is not susceptible to frost damage.
CORIANDER – Corinadrum sativum
Cilantro is rich in the antioxidant vitamin C, as well as other vitamins and minerals.
It is also a restorative herb that promotes digestion and relieves inflammation that can cause stomach upset.
Coriander seeds regulate blood sugar levels, reducing stress in the liver and pancreas, which contributes to better insulin production, as well as improving digestion.
The powerful taste and aroma of cilantro make it an excellent seasoning for meat, salsa, and Caribbean dishes. Coriander seeds add a warm, spicy flavor to chicken, vegetables, and soups.
Grow your own cilantro and coriander by sowing the seeds directly outdoors in spring and summer.
As soon as the flower buds develop, the leaves will become scarce.
Collect the coriander leaves as they grow and allow the coriander seeds that fall from the collected plants to be re-sown to continue growing throughout the season.
Harvest the coriander by pruning the dry brown seed stalks and placing them upside down in a brown paper bag.
After a few days, the seed pods will split and release the coriander seeds.
Don’t forget to keep the cilantro clean. Clean all waste leaves or other debris around the plants to prevent fungal infections.
Also, watch out for parasites such as aphids that like to feast on the tender young coriander stalks.
How to grow…
It appreciates fertile soil and a sunny position, however, partial shade is preferable, as shade helps prevent premature setting of the seeds.
DILL – Anethum graveolens
A short-lived but unpretentious annual, dill can be relatively easily grown from seed in your garden. It finds many uses both in culinary dishes and in the production of soaps and oils, which makes it attractive for cultivation.
Fresh and dried dill leaves with their wonderful aromatic smell are perfectly combined with seafood, such as smoked salmon. The herb is also popular in combination with potatoes and soups.
How to grow…
Plant in moist soil, where the herb can receive plenty of warmth. Partial shade is ideal, as this can slow the speed set that brings cropping to a finish.
FRENCH TARRAGON – Artemisia dracunculus
If you are a fan of French cuisine, then you should definitely grow French tarragon in your garden. It’s a little harder to grow, but it’s a must-have for any culinary enthusiast.
French tarragon with its fragrant, sweet aroma of anise and licorice is considered the best variety of tarragon in the kitchen. It is particularly delicious when paired with chicken, and can also be used to flavor vinegar and oils, as well as to make Bearnais sauce.
How to grow…
Although perennial, it can rot out in wet regions and overly saturated soils, so are careful to plant in drier soils and not overwater.
Plant in fertile soil, where it can receive warmth and a good amount of sunlight, and the herb will provide an abundance of shoots.
As French tarragon rarely flowers, and thus has limited seed production, it cannot be grown from seed and must instead be raised by root division.
Divide the plants into spring to retain the health of the plant, and replant the herbs every two to three years.
PARSLEY – Petroselinum crispum
As a natural antibacterial agent, parsley can strengthen your immune system and neutralize bad breath.
Parsley is also a powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory, which makes it great for digestion and detoxification.
In the kitchen, parsley is a great addition to your vegetable dishes. Try parsley in pesto and salad dressings.
Grow your own parsley from seed by sowing it indoors and then replanting it outdoors in early spring.
Mulch the plants to keep the soil moist, but don’t let the mulch touch the stems to prevent rotting. To promote thicker foliage, cut the parsley down to the stems in early autumn.
In the second year of growth, as soon as the flower stalks appear, the parsley becomes bitter and tasteless. You can let the flowering plants go to seed and harvest for replanting next year.
How to grow…
For the best results, grow in the fertile soil of the vegetable plot, along with ample water in dry weather.
Partial shade is tolerated, although full sunlight is preferable.
Of the two types of parsley grown in the UK, curly and flat-leaf, flat-leaf tends to be more popular, as it is more tolerant of rain and sunshine, and according to some, has a stronger flavor.
ROSEMARY – Rosmarinus officinalis
The pungent aroma of rosemary is another natural deterrent to a number of garden pests, including mosquitoes and other flying insects. Rosemary also deters cats!
Rosemary is also a powerful natural remedy for calming an upset stomach, neutralizing bad breath, and relieving pain.
Use rosemary oil or water infused with herbs to get rid of dandruff, stimulate hair growth and relieve skin irritation. The fragrance of rosemary can help clear the mind, soothe anxiety and relieve everyday stress.
Add fresh or dried rosemary to fish, lamb, chicken, and game.
Rosemary will also perfectly complement the beans and fried mushrooms.
You can grow your own rosemary from seed by sowing it indoors and then replanting it in the spring outdoors.
However, rosemary is much easier to grow from scraps, as the germination rate of its seeds is very low.
Rosemary does a good job with mulch to keep the roots moist in the summer and insulated in the winter.
How to grow…
It does best in well-drained soil, in a sunny spot. It is drought tolerant and pest resistant.